For US President Donald Trump, immigration represents a hallmark issue that was included in his election campaign. In the first week of his presidency, he signed executive orders that suspend immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries. Border patrol and deportation efforts have been bolstered by Trumpai??i??s executive order. With it, the funding process for the promised wall at the border between the US and Mexico was started.
It seems that immigrants in the US have reacted to the actions made by Donald Trump. In 2017, record-low apprehensions have been reported by US Customs and Border Protection at the southwest border. However, fewer immigrants have been deported by Donald Trump compared to Barack Obama in the early years of his term. The figures have reported the situation, despite Trumpai??i??s hard-line rhetoric. Barack Obama is the former president of the US.
Last year, figures showing people apprehended while trying to enter the US through the border with Mexico decreased dramatically. The same figures also include people deemed inadmissible to enter the country. The figures suggest that fewer people are attempting to cross the border illegally. It is assumed that apprehension tactics stayed the same.
For fiscal 2017, the number of apprehensions alone reached its lowest total level since 1971. The data comes from the US Border Patrol.
The annual report from the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s mentioned the trend. It was described as ai???possibly reflecting an increased deterrent effect from ICE’s stronger interior enforcement effortsai???.
Donald Trump starts presidency with immigration issues
Five days into his presidency, Donald Trump signed an executive order calling for a host of enhanced border protection efforts. The order included more border patrol agents. It also requested halting the ai???catch-and-releaseai??? policy for handling immigrants apprehended while illegally crossing.
The figure showing people apprehended or otherwise deemed inadmissible each month decreased most sharply between Trump’s election and inauguration. This suggested a correlation with the policy plans of the incoming president.
In recent months, those border apprehensions have rebounded in a certain measure.
Officials have interpreted the overall lower numbers of people apprehended at the border. They say that this means the US government also clocks fewer deportations at the border. Thus, under Donald Trump, border deportation figures have decreased.
However, the decrease has been coupled with more aggressive deportation policies for ai???interior deportationsai???. It refers to those immigrants that are already inside the US. The decline in border deportations has been mostly offset by the increased interior deportations. This means that total deportations decreased by a mere 6% from fiscal 2016 to 2017. The percentage means only 14,136 people.
Immigration under Donald Trump and Barack Obama
Compared to the removal numbers of the early Obama administration, the current deportation totals pale. In fiscal 2012, under Obama, ICE deportations peaked at 409,849. This is almost double compared to the agency’s deportations during fiscal 2017. Those ones included the final four months of Obama’s term and the first eight months of Trump’s presidency.
In each of the first four years of Obama’s presidency, total deportations performed by ICE hovered around 400,000 annually. On an annual basis, only interior deportations managed to exceed 150,000 from fiscal 2009 to 2012. The figures are far greater than Trump’s 81,603 during fiscal 2017.
Throughout Obama’s term, deportation figures decreased. They have been driven largely by declining numbers of interior deportations. At the same time, apprehensions at the border dropped during the same period. This further contributed to the eventual deportation drop. The data was provided by the US Customs and Border Protection.